Defining, Finding, Using
Click on "READING LISTS"
and then "PRIMARY SOURCES"
Alphabetical List - all Sites
SITES WITH MULTI TOPICS
LABOR: History of Work and Workers
See also Gateway
George Eastman Still Photograph
105 Collected works of Lewis Hine.
The History Place: Child
Labor in America 1908-1912 - Photographs of Lewis W. Hine
Photographs from mines, mills, fields
and factories, featuring the original captions.
Lewis Wickes Hine's "Work
From the New York Public Library Miriam
& Ira Wallach Photography Collection' mostly from the 1930s.
National Child Labor
Committee Collection: Photographs by Lewis Hine
From the Library of Congress American
see also: Immigration and History
American Memory Collection Lesson Plans: United We Stand
"Was there a need for organized labor
unions?" is the essential question for this lesson. The primary sources
presented are top-notch. Using American Memory collections, documents,
photographs and sheet music, students decide for themselves by examining
working conditions. Also usable as resources for other research projects.
Free Speech Movement
Approximately 35,000 pages of documents,
oral histories, video and sound recordings, from Berkeley.
FBI - Freedom of Information
Topics include: Cesar Chavez, Martin Dies,
W.E.B. Du Bois, Malcolm X (Little), Paul & Eslanda Robeson, the Rosenbergs,
Sacco-Vanzetti, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Carlo Tresca,
Leon Trotsky, and the Weatherman Underground.
Anarchy Archives: Pictures and publications
from the time, including:
The Rise and Fall of Anarchy
in America (McLean, 1886)
Reasons for Pardoning the Anarchists
History Sourcebooks Project
"Internet History Sourcebooks are collections
of public domain and copy-permitted historical texts presented cleanly
(without advertising or excessive layout) for educational use." Excellent
for Ancient, Medieva, and Modern history research. Special sourcebooks
on topics: African, east Asian, Indian, Islamic, Jewish, Women, Global,
Marxist Internet Archives:
What are the origins of May Day?
This is a rich collection of writings, songs, poetry and pictures, dating
back to 1882 from around the world.
Massachusetts Study Projects
Large variety of curriculum-based units,
including much primary source mterial. Some topics include: African
Americans in Massachusetts, Electronic Library on Industrial History, focusing
on the industrial cities of Fall River, Lowell and North Central Mass.
Museum of the City of
San Francisco: "Bloody Thursday" 1934
Contains news coverage of the first day
of the San Freancisco rioting, July 3, 1934, which grew out of a strike
that had begun in May. When the industries attempted to break the
strike, "Bloody Thursday" was the result.
National Social History
With a New York focus, this resource features
history from a social perspective. Be sure tocheck out "Who Built America"
and the "Digital Projects" - the primary sources are mingled with the secondary
Photo Gallery: The Triangle
Fire, March 25, 1911
Photographs, taken at the scene of the
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire, from the archives of the Franklin D.
Roosevelt Library. The tragedy served as a touchstone for New Deal reformers
who campaigned for legislation to improve working conditions for all workers.
E-books available, free - 16,000+ titles
inthe public domain. Search by author, title and subject. The
holdings are extensive, generally pre-1923: Jane Addams, Thomas Carlyle,
Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. Du Bois, Theodore Dreiser, Jack London, and
Upton Sinclair, among others. Example:
The Jungle by Upton Sinclair http://digital.library.upenn.edu/webbin/gutbook/lookup?num=140
Seattle General Strike
Guide to this landmark historic event
of 1919, it has selected images; from the University of Washington at Seattle.
Sam Reiss: Eyewitness
to Labor History
Sam Reiss, himself
a laborer, was "labor's photographer," using his camera to capture historic
events that shaped American labor. Photographs are viewable by year
(1948 to 1975) or by subject.
Seattle General Strike
Although this is a secondary source page
for the study of the Seattle General Strike, it is rich with primary sources:
photographs, political cartoons, and document facsimiles.
Siege of Paris - Northwestern University Library Special Collection
Photographs and images recorded during
the Siege and Commune of Paris cir.1871, plus caricatures, newspapers in
hard copy and film, books, pamphlets and posters.
Strikes! Labor and Labor
History in the Puget Sound
Commemorates two famous events:
the Seattle General Strike of 1919 and the Maritime Strikes of 1934.
Primary sources tell the story, supplemented by secondary source analysis.
June/August 1926 - International Society
to Promote the Science and the Art of Administration and of Management.
From the American Memory Collection.
WTO Seattle Collection
From the University of Washington Libraries
Digital Collections, a searchable collection of photographs, posters, and
documents illustrating the protests at the 1999 World Trade Organization
meeting in Seattle. Unique interviews with protesters and orgznizers.
LANDMARKS AND MUSEUMS
American Textile History
the History and Architecture of Saxonville
The Friends of Saxonville
sponsor the "Historic Walk" of this Framingham neighborhood. Click
on "Ongoing Projectss" and then, at the bottom of the page, go to "Celebrating
the History and Architecture of Saxonville" and access the front and the
back of the brochure.
Charles River Museum of
Located in Waltham, MA, this manufacturing
museum is on the site of the old Boston Manufacturing Company - Francis
Cabot Lowell Mill.
Essex National Heritage
Society and Museum
Labor Heritage Foundation
Inventory of Labor Landmarks - with pictures
and historical background.
Museum / Lynn Historical Society
Museum at Fall River
National Park Service:
National Registry of Historic Places
Listed by region of the country and in
some cases by theme. Follow the groupings to read about each site
and view pictures and visiting information.
Blackstone River Valley National
New Bedford Whaling Museum
(including the Kendall Institute)
Boston African American National Historic
Boston National Historic Park http://www.nps.gov/bost/
Lowell National Park http://www.nps.gov/lowe/index.htm
New Bedford Whaling National Historic
Salem Maritime National Historic Park
Saugus IronWorks National Historic
Springfield Armory National Historic
Peabody Essex Museum
East India Square, Salem, MA.
Information about the Slater Mill and
"The Urban Log Cabin": Over ten thousand
people lived at 97 Orchard Street, New York City, between the years 1870
and 1915. This is actually a diorama-based exhibit for online exhibits;
visitors view the rooms as they might have appeared. The story of
the excavation done in 1933 reveals many artifacts. Actual histories
of the families are included.
Triangle Shirtwaist Factory
"The Asch building--known as the Brown
building today--was the home of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory and site
of both the first large scale strike of women workers in the country and
of one of the worst industrial disasters in American history. The property
is now used as classrooms and offices by New York University and is not
open to the public."
Tsongas Industrial History
Center: Boott Cotton Mills Museum
LEADERS OF LABOR
Anarchy Archives - from
Extensive links to individuals from the
18th, 19th and 20 century with biography, bibliography and collected works.
Collected Works of "Big
The Autobiography of Big Bill Haywood
(1929), "The General Strike," speech
(March 16, 1911), Industrial Socialism,
Bill Haywood Remembers the 1913 Paterson Strike.
Emma Goldman Collected
Essays and full-text e-books on anarchism:
Anarchism: What It Really Stands
For; Minorities versus Majorities; The Psychology of Political Violence;
Prisons: A Social Crime and Failure; Patriotism: A Menace to Liberty; Francisco
Ferrer and The Modern School; The Hypocrisy of Puritanism; The Traffic
in Women; Woman Suffrage; The Tragedy of Woman's Emancipation; Marriage
And Love; The Drama; Mother Earth Advertisements; Living My Life; My Disillusionment
in Russia; My Further Disillusionment in Russia; The Social Significance
of the Modern Drama.
Emma Goldman Papers Project
Emma Goldman was a champion for the rights
of workers, women and free speech. This site abounds with primary
source materials and offers lesson plans as well. Visitors have access
to some of her writings as well as articles, telegrams and letters.
Samuel Gompers Papers:
A Documentary History of the American Working Class
Incredible collection of documents, available
in manuscript or transcription, photographs, and "points of View" of Gompers.
This is not the complete set of two microfilm or eight volumes of Gompers'
papers, but it is a valuable resource to the online researcher.
MEDIA: FILMS, SONGS, RECORDINGS
Songs of The Labor Movement
Lyrics to songs, organized by artist and
by topic: Industrial Workers of the World, Songs of the Mines, songs from
the Mills, Joe Hill, Dorsey Dixon, Woodie Guthrie, and others.
U.S. Labor and Industrial
History WWW Audio Archive
William Jennings Bryan (1896), William
Howard Taft (1906 and 1912), William Jennings Bryan (1912), Woodrow Wilson
(1912), Theodore Roosevelt (1912), Tom Mooney (1939), Fiorella LaGuardia
Bureau of Labor Statistics Home Page.
VISUAL ART: Murals,
Paintings, Posters, Photographs
"Dedicated to social commentary through
graphic imagery by artists working from the turn of the 20th Century to
the present, with related bibliographic and biographic data."
of Social History
Virtual exhibitions from the archival
collections of the IISH located in Amsterdam. Posters, prints, cartoons
from the 19th and 20th century.
"A virtual museum designed to gather,
identify and display examples of the cultural and artistic history of working
people and to celebrate the trade union movement's contributions to that
history." Exhibits and permanent collections include photographs, paintings,
banners, and buttons.
Labor Mural Panel
Market Street, San Francisco: this is
a 1998 mural of San Francisco's labor history, complete with background
WOMEN AND LABOR
Southern New England
Telephone Company: The First Fifty Years, 1878-1928
An exhibition from the Archives and Special
Collections of the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut
Sources in US Women's
From NYU Labor Archives - this is actually
an online listing of in-house materials, not available online, there are
actually many scanned images of documents and photographs that are interesting
Women and Social Movements
in the United States, 1830-1930
Over 800 primary documents on the history
of women and reform activism. Search or browse by date or subject.
Women's Bureau, U.S.
Department of Labor
Organized and Maintainted by
Ann B. Perham Ann_Perham@needham.k12.ma.us
Needham High School,
Updated: January 2012